10 HISTORICAL PLACES IN ANTALYA
1-Kaleici – Old Town
Kaleici has been an important center with its natural harbour throught history. It is a well-protected area that structures from Roman, Byzantine, Seljuks and Ottoman periods still can be seen.
Visitors are able to walk on Kaleici’s historical narrow streets surrounded by Ottoman houses mostly date back to 19th century which some of them have been turned into restaurants, shops and boutuqie hotels with keeping their original architectural form. Visitors can enter the old city from Hadrian’s Gate, dates back to Roman Empire Period ( 130 A.D.) and able to see lots of structures from different centuries just by walking. Yivli Minaret Mosque builded in 13th century by Seljuks, Broken Minaret Mosque had been builded as a temple in 2nd century by Romans and turned into a Byzantion church and then turned into a mosque by Seljuks, Clock Tower from Ottoman Period can be shown as examples to the structures from different periods of Old Town.
Kaleici is also located just next to New City part of Antalya, that’s why visiting Kaleici gives a unique oppurtinity for visitors to see both historical and modern parts of Antalya in one trip.
2- Perge Ancient City – Aksu
Perge was a wealthy city that was capital of Pamphilya and Hittite Empire, Alexander the Great, Roman Empire and Byzantium Empire controlled Perge throught history.
Even if Perge had lots of earthquakes, still lots of remains can be seen in the area. For example, Ancient South Bath in Perge is one of the best examples of Roman Baths in Anatolia. Hellenistic Towers and Gate, Theatre, Stadium, Eastern Roman Basilicas, Columned Street, Agora and further more can be seen in Perge. Additionally, St. Paul visited city for twice and that’s why Perge became an important Christian centre especially during 5th-6th centuries.
3- Karain Cave
It is the biggest cave of Turkey which prehistoric human activities have been founded. It has been determined that the history of Karain Cave goes back to 500.000 years ago and that makes the cave as one of the most important centres of Paleolitic Age. The cave was in use from Paleolitic Age to Roman Period and provides unique informations especially about prehistoric period.
4- Antalya Archeological Museum
It is one of the Turkey’s largest museums located in Konyaalti, Antalya which was builded in 1922. In Antalya Archeological Museum, it’s possible to see exhibited works from Paleolitic, Neolithic, Calcholitic, Bronz Ages and also from Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantium, Seljuks and Ottoman periods. The exhibited works belongs to Karain Cave, statues and theatre structures of Perge Antient City, Sarcophagus belongs to Pamphilya region, Mosaics and further more are displayed in the museum.
5- Apollon Temple – Side Ancient City
Apollon Temple is one of the symbols of the city which located on the harbour of Side, Manavgat and belongs to Roman Period, around 150 A.D. Apollon is the god of music, poetry, art and the sun in Greek mythology and was one of head gods of Side during ancient period. It is also possible to see Side Ancient City’s other remains such as Nymphaeum, Slave-trading Centre Agora, Side Museum, Theatre, Dionysos Temple and Side’s new center around the temple.
6- Aspendos Theater
Aspendos Theather was built on 2nd century, during Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius’ period, by architect Zenon. Additional to impressive stories about how it was built, Aspendos Theater is one of the most well-protected theater of Anatolia and it’s unique with its acoustic. Even in the Seljuks period it was in use and remains from Seljuks can be seen there, too.
7- Olympos Ancient City
It was an important Lycian city with its natural harbour and has remains mostly from Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantium periods. It was representing the east side of Lycia and was one of the 6 cities which had 3 voting rights in The Lycian Union. Nowadays, it is popular of being a part of ancient Lycian way and also a part of Olympos-Beydaglari Coastal National Park with its beautiful nature.
8- Myra Ancient City
Myra Ancient City was a city of Lycia and got its popularity from being the city where St. Nicholas, which is known as Santa Claus, lived. That’s why the most attractive structure of the city is St. Nicholas Church that dates back to Byzantium period and was build on the foundations of an older Christian Church where Saint Nicholas had served as a bishop. Lots of tourists, especially Christians visit Myra every year. Cave Tombs and Ancient Theatre also can be seen in the area.
9- Patara Ancient City
It was a commercial city on the South West coast of Lycia and one of the 6 important cities of the region. Nowadays it’s both famous with it’s historical ruins and long sandy beach. The Parliamentary Building of The Lycian Union was located in Patara and most of the meetings were being held in Patara city. It got restored and can be visited nowadays. It is also believed that St. Nicholas was born in Patara. Ancient Theater, Lighthouse, Necropolis, Roman Gate and further more can be seen there and there is also change to swim on Patara’s famous sandy beach.
10- Red Tower – Alanya
Red Tower was built on 13th century with the order of Sultan Alaeddin Keykubad to protect Alanya Castle and The Shipyard from any kind of attack might come from the coast. Name of it comes from the red bricks that being used and The Tower has became the symbol of Alanya since then. It is the best preserved Seljuk building in the city with 33 meters height and a stair with around 85 steps in use to go top of the tower. It provides a nice view of Alanya on the top of the tower.